Socio-Demographic and Work Related Variables as Predictor of Persistence of Back Pain and Disabilityamong Civil Servants Receiving Physiotherapy in Tertiary Health Institutions in Kano State, Nigeria

Olowe Olajide Olubanji1, Abdulsalam Abdullah2*, Sani Alhaji Na’Allah3 & Owoicho, N. S.1

1Physiotherapy Unit, National Orthopaedic Hospital Dala-kano, Nigeria
2Department of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria
3College of Health Sciences and Technology, Tsafe, Zamfara State, Nigeria

Dr. Abdulsalam Abdullah, Department of Physical and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Keywords: Socio-Demographic; Work Related Variables; Kano State; Back Pain and Disability


The development and persistence of low back pain may be influenced by several factors which include lifestyle factors, previous pain symptoms, psychological factors, work place factors as well as socio-demographic variables. The focus of this study was to determine the socio-demographic and work-related variables as predictor of persistence of back pain and disability among civil servants receiving physiotherapy in tertiary health institutions in Kano, Nigeria. One hundred and twentynine newly referred low back pain patients for physiotherapy participated in the study. This study was a cross sectional study involving patients that were newly diagnosed of back pain, referred and receiving physiotherapy. The convenience sampling technique was used to select the patients based on the inclusion criteria. The data obtained was analysed using simple percentage and multiple regression for stated hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings reveal that all the variables are not significant predictor of persistence of back pain and disability. The study recommended that determinants of low back pain recovery by clinician should include other clinical factors not only reduction in pain intensity.

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