Association between Socio-Demographic Factors, Adequacy of Breastfeeding Practices and Complementary Food for Children below 24 Months in Fako, South West Region of Cameroon
Tiepma Ngongang Eurydice Flore1, Bernard Tiencheu1*, Arrey Oben Ebob Ashu1, Aduni Ufuan Achidi1, Mbame Efeti Marie Clodine1, Noel Tenyang2, Boris Gabin Kingue Azantsa3
1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
2Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, Maroua, Cameroon
3Laboratory of Nutrition and Nutritional Biochemistry, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde, Yaounde, Cameroon
Dr. Bernard Tiencheu, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
Keywords: Malnutrition; Breastfeeding Practices; Socio-Demographic; Children; Stunting; Nutritional Status; Complementary Food
Death and morbidity due to Protein Energy Malnutrition in infancy continue to scourge populations in developing countries, thus the aim of this study. A total of 123 children below 2 years of age were recruited in this descriptive cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic data and information on the different infant feeding habits were obtained by the use of semi-structured questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed by using of anthropometric measurements. Data obtained was statistical analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. In terms of nutritional status, underweight was defined as a weight for age z-score less than 2 standard deviation SD below the mean, wasting as weight for length z-score less than 2 SD below the mean and stunting as length for age less than -2 SD. Out of the total 123 participants in the study population, just 27.6% of them were exclusively breastfed. In the study population, 87% of the participants had a family income of less than 50,000 frs CFA per month. The significant predictors of wasting were exclusive breastfeeding (p=0.017), number of times the baby eats fruits (p=0.047) and number of times feeding bottle is cleaned (p=0.023). Underweight had as predictor type of complementary food given (p=0.009) with the predictor of stunting being number of children at home (p=0.036). Further analysis revealed that a total of 82.1% of the children in the study population were malnourished.
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