Pediatricians as Victims and Perpetrators under Nazi Rule

Daniel Neuspiel, R.

Department of Pediatrics, Atrium Health, Charlotte, NC, US

Dr. Daniel Neuspiel, R., Department of Pediatrics, Atrium Health, Charlotte, NC, US.

Keywords: Nazi Medicine; Holocaust; Pediatrics; Systemic Racism


Pediatricians were both victims and perpetrators of heinous Nazi crimes, based on the concept of “racial hygiene.” Among many pediatrician victims of the Nazis were: Lucie Adelsberger (1895-1971), pediatric immunologist and Jew, was dismissed from the Robert Koch Institute in Berlin in 1933 and stripped of her medical license in 1938. She survived 2 years in concentration camps and continued her career in New York after the war.

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