A Review on Biology and Health Importance with the Control Measures of Cockroaches (Order-Blattodea)

Damtew Bekele1* & Belay Beyene2

1Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, P.O. Box 19, Ethiopia
2Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia

Dr. Damtew Bekele, Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Ambo University, Ambo, P.O. Box 19, Ethiopia.

Keywords: Cockroaches; Pest; Health; Control; Biology; Ecology


Cockroaches are insects which belong to the order Blattodea and native to tropics and in mild environments. For that reason, they are important to recycling nut rents, as a food source for different organisms including human, important for research, as pest of public health and damage electric devises. Therefore, the objective of this review paper is to share information about the biology, ecology,
economic importance and control methods of public health important cockroaches. Different authors suggest that there are information gaps by communities about domiciliary cockroaches which carry and transmit different human parasites and their excreta cause of allergies of asthma both in urban and rural area of the world including in Ethiopia. And also lack of information on the appropriate controlling mechanisms. Therefore, the paper compiled information from different studies of those cockroaches which have public health importance. And also, give emphasis those which provide valuable services on the establishment of the ecosystem. Generally, it shares the existing knowledge on the aspect of cockroach biology, ecology and economic importance of this insect. Over all, few species of cockroaches are categorized as pests but they affect human health and cause nuisance in various way. Therefore, much of money spent to recur health problems which are caused by micro organisms that carried by domiciliary cockroach species. The same is true a large sum of money spent to control cockroach infestation.

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