Risk Factors for Conjunctival Bacteria Flora in Pre-Operative Cataract Patients, South-East Nigeria
Mamah Cyril Chukwukama1, Maduka-Okafor Ferdinand, C.1, Onwubiko Stella Ngozi1, Okoloagu Nkiruka Mary2*, Ugwu Kenneth, O.3, Anyalebechi Okey Charles1, Ebede Samuel, O.4 & Umeh Rich, E.1
1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla PMB 01129 Enugu, Nigeria
2Department of Ophthalmology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital, Parklane Enugu, Nigeria
3Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria Nsukka Enugu Nigeria
4Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla PMB 01129 Enugu, Nigeria
Dr. Okoloagu Nkiruka Mary, Department of Ophthalmology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital, Parklane Enugu, Nigeria.
Keywords: Conjunctival Bacteria Flora; Cataract; Surgery
To determine the risk factors for conjunctival bacteria flora in pre-operative cataract patients.
This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, hospital-based, prospective study involving 104 consecutive, consented patients scheduled for cataract surgery at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu in 2017. Patients using any form of antibiotics, with previous intraocular surgery or ocular inflammation were excluded from the study. The participants’ socio-demographic profile, medical and social histories were obtained through interviewer-administered questionnaire. Conjunctival swab was obtained from the inferior fornix of the eye scheduled for surgery. Data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science version 23. Logistic regression analysis was done to identify the factors. The level of significance was at p<0>
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