Association Between Thyroid Dysfunction and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - A Case Control Study

Shysil Shafeeq, T. M.1, Feroz Jenner Poolakundan2, Jesha Mohammedali Mundodan3*, Harris, P.4 & Vijay Ashok5

1Department of Nephrology, Malabar Institute of Medical Sciences, Calicut, Kerala, India
2Managing Director & Consultant Physician, Qatar Red Crescent, Doha, Qatar
3Public Health Specialist, MOPH, Qatar
4Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
5Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, MES Medical College Hospital, Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India

Dr. Jesha Mohammedali Mundodan, Public Health Specialist, MOPH, Qatar.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; Thyroid Disorders; Subclinical Hypothyroidism; Euthyroid


Thyroid disorders and Diabetes mellitus (DM) are the two most common endocrinopathies encountered in practice. It has long been recognized that thyroid hormones have marked effects on glucose homeostasis but there is a paucity of local studies observing the patterns of thyroid dysfunction in those with type 2 DM. This hospital-based case control study was designed to look for association between type 2 DM and thyroid dysfunction, in a tertiary care teaching hospital in South India, over one year. Data was obtained from 50 individuals above 18 years irrespective of gender, diagnosed to have type 2 DM according to WHO diagnostic criteria and age and sex matched adults without diabetes from bystanders of patients coming to the Hospital.

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