Occupational Hazards, Illnesses and Injuries Among Nurses Working in Different Clinical Areas of Work (Units)
Department of Medical Sciences and Health Services, University of Sari, Iran
Dr. Morteza Alibakhshikenari, Department of Medical Sciences and Health Services, University of Sari, Iran.
Keywords: Occupational Hazards; Nursing; Workplace Risk Factors; Clinical Areas of Work; Healthcare Professionals; Workplace Injuries; Hazard Exposure
Health and wellbeing of employees in the workplace are important concerns that should continue to receive attention in any organisation. Traditionally hospitals are directed towards curative services, not preventive services, it is very important to maintain optimum health of the staff in the healthcare industry as they take care of the sick clients. The study was conducted with the major objective to assess the risk and hazards faced by nurses in different clinical areas of work (Units). Quantitative descriptive cross-sectional method was used for the study. The study was conducted with a sample of 588 respondents (unit managers, registered nurses and assistant nurses). The findings revealed that nurses do encounter a considerable level of occupational hazards. Critical Care and Cardiology Unit were found to be the units with the highest risk of occupational hazards and injuries while the lowest risk was observed in the outpatient and day care unit. Chi square analysis of data revealed a significant association of Clinical Area of work (Unit) with exposure to blood borne pathogens & biological hazards, radiation, toxic fumes & anaesthetic agents, irritation from disinfectants & sterilants and chemical/toxic medication.
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