Training of Health Workers in Côte D’Ivoire: The Socio-anthropological Approach in Public Health Interventions
Adou Serge Judicaël Anoua
Doctorate Degree of Health Socio-anthropology, Teacher-Researcher, Socio-anthropologist, Anthropology and Sociology Department, Alassane Ouattara University, Côte d’Ivoire
Dr. Adou Serge Judicaël Anoua, Doctorate Degree of Health Socio-anthropology, Teacher-Researcher, Socio-anthropologist, Anthropology and Sociology Department, Alassane Ouattara University, Côte d’Ivoire.
Keywords: Nursing; Health Worker Skills; Socio-anthropology; Public Health; Health Education
The public health problems in Côte d’Ivoire are multiple and complex. The epidemiological transition is struggling to begin. However, the national health system in place tends to give primacy to curative medicine. In the process of finding solutions, the biomedical dimension remains privileged. We conclude that in Côte d’Ivoire, the national public health system is highly medicalized. And yet, not all health problems have a vaccine. As a result, how can the burden of disease in the country be reduced? How to get the vast majority of the population to benefit from a sustainable health? In response to these questions, we suggest that the relevant assumption for sustainable health for the entire population is the establishment of a nursing education system rooted in health and culture. It is a question of orienting the nursing care on medical knowledge and the knowledge of the social and cultural environment of the users. Thus, socio-anthropology as a social science enters the training cycle of nursing at the National Institute of Training of Health Agents of Bouake. Despite the slow progress in integrating socio-anthropology into the Ivorian health system, it is Important to hope that in the near future this challenge will be met. The added value expected of her in the hospital environment appears equally important. It is envisaged by the training of health workers in this field, the awareness of the immersion of the living environment, adherence to treatment by the patient, cultural relativism by the health worker, dynamic patient management and close collaboration between medical and social scientists and humanities as a guarantee of effectiveness.
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