Review Study on Prevalence of Type-2 Diabetes and Its Associated Risk Factors

Harmanjot Kaur & Roopjot Kochar2

1Consultant Nutritionist, SGS Ayurvedic Diet and Nutrition, Khanna, Punjab, India
2Director, SGS Ayurvedic Diet and Nutrition, Khanna, Punjab, India

Dr. Harmanjot Kaur, Consultant Nutritionist, SGS Ayurvedic Diet and Nutrition, Khanna, Punjab, India.

Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus; India; Prevalence; Urban Population; Obesity; Risk Factors; Pre Diabetes; Myocardial Infarction


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar due to insulin resistance (reduced ability of insulin to stimulate utilization of glucose in the cells of the body system) and also relatively reduced secretion of insulin from the beta cells of pancreas. Obesity, unhealthy dietary habits, sedentary life style and genetic factors are considered as important risk factors in the development of T2DM. Now days it has spread globally and become most serious health problem. India faces several challenges in diabetes management, including a rising prevalence in urban and rural areas. With the rapid socioeconomic changes occurring in the rural areas, the prevalence of Type-2 diabetes are found to increase several fold which contribute largely to early morbidity and mortality among the population. Screening and awareness program among general population as well as diabetic patients has been done by the Government to achieve prevention and better control of diabetes and its complications.

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