Ruminant (“Koser”) Animals Microbiome

Shatzmiller Shimon* & Rami Krieger

Department of Biological Chemistry, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel

Dr. Shatzmiller Shimon, Department of Biological Chemistry, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.

Keywords: Jaropha Curcas; Isolation; Microoganisms; Fermentation; Antinutrient; Phorbol Esters


In the USA, 42 percent of agricultural emissions come from animal agriculture. Two-thirds of those gases are directly emitted by ruminants: animals like cows, buffalo and sheep that use bacteria in their stomachs to ferment food. That allows them to eat foods, like grasses, that humans can’t.
The rumen microbiota, i.e., the community of microorganisms that inhabits the rumen, is characterized by its high population density, extensive diversity (encompassing bacteria, archaea, protozoa and fungi) and complexity of interactions.

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