Relationship Between Glycemic Control and Thyroid Function Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Khalid Aljabri, S.1*, Samia Bokhari, A.1 & Nasser Aljuhani2

1Department of Endocrinology, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Division of Endocrinology, East Jeddah Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr. Khalid Aljabri, S., Department of Endocrinology, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: Hypothyroidism; Type 2 Diabetes; Saudi Arabia


Background and Objective
The association between diabetes and thyroid dysfunction were reported. Thus, the present study was conducted to find out the relation between glycemic status and levels of thyroid hormones in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a cohort of Saudi population.
A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Diabetes centre at King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from January 2018 to December 2018. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxin (FT4) and HbA1c were measured.
A total of 1168 participants with T2DM were included in this study. Average age of the study population was 55.1 ±16.2 years. 31.7% were male and 68.3% were female. Mean HbA1c (%), TSH and FT4 were 7.4 ±2, 3.3 ±4.8mIU/l and 13.7 ±3.2pmol/L respectively.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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