Article


Determinants of Non-Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy Among HIV Infected Children Aged Less Than 15 Years in Debremarkos and Felegehiwot Referral Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia

Tiliksew Liknaw1*, Mulugeta Tesfa2, Tenaw Gualu3, Mathewos Mekonnen1, Tadele Kinati1 & Atsedemariam Andualem4

1Department of Nursing, Salale University, Ethiopia
2Department of Public Health, DebreMarkos University, Ethiopia
3Department of Nursing, DebreMarkos University, Ethiopia
4Department of Nursing, Wollo University, Ethiopia

Dr. Tiliksew Liknaw, Department of Nursing, Salale University, Ethiopia.

Keywords: Non-Adherence; Antiretroviral Therapy and Children

Abstract

Background
Non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy is a major challenge to HIV/AIDS care. For antiretroviral therapy to be effective, high level of adherence is required. So far, there is no study on determinant of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy in the study area. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify determinants of non-adherence to antiretroviral therapy among HIV infected children in Debremarkos and Felegehiwot referral hospital.
Methods
Case-control study design was employed on total of 220 samples in Debremarkos and Felegehiwot referral hospital. Data was collected by using a structured pre-tested questionnaire and by data abstraction format from ART registration chart. Data was entered in to EPI data statistical version 3.1software and then exported to SPSS Windows version 20 for analysis. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to find out association between dependent and independent variables. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was done to identify independent factors for non-adherence.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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